Cassirer, Ernst

   philosopher; with Heinrich Rickert,* Ger-many's leading neo-Kantian between 1900 and 1930. Born in Breslau of German-Jewish parentage, he studied philosophy and German literature, coming into contact with Hermann Cohen (1842-1918) while at Berlin*; in 1896 he transferred to Marburg to continue studies with Cohen. On his own, Cassirer identified both his method and his philosophy as an example of Cohen's Mar-burg School of neo-Kantianism (the Baden School, embracing Freiburg, Strass-burg, and Heidelberg, was distinct from the Marburg School). In 1899 he took a doctorate with a thesis on Leibniz's theory of knowledge. His appointment as Privatdozent at Berlin was owed largely to Wilhelm Dilthey, who appreciated his genius. Despite barriers in Germany owing to his Jewish heritage, Cassirer rejected a 1914 offer to teach at Harvard.
   In 1919 Cassirer joined Hamburg's new university. While he was evolving his concept of symbolic forms, he earned a reputation as a brilliant teacher. His life, marked by broad intellectual interests, was an exemplar of the German tradition of Bildung. In 1930 he was promoted to university rector. It was his good fortune to form rich friendships at Hamburg with Erwin Panofsky* and Aby Warburg,* and he later assisted with the transfer of Warburg's library to London.
   When Hitler* came to power in 1933, Cassirer resigned his positions and taught successively at Oxford (1933-1935), Goteborg (1935-1941), Yale (1941-1944), and Columbia (1944-1945). Always a neo-Kantian, he was broadly at-tracted to the formation and interrelationship of scientific and cultural concepts. His publications included Philosophie der Symbolischen Formen (Philosophy of symbolic forms, 1923) and Sprache und Mythos (Languages and myth, 1925).
   REFERENCES:Benz and Graml, Biographisches Lexikon; Cambridge Biographical Dictionary; Ferretti, Cassirer, Panofsky, and Warburg; Peter Gay, "Social History of Ideas"; NDB, vol. 3.

A Historical dictionary of Germany's Weimar Republic, 1918-1933. .

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  • Cassirer, Ernst — born July 28, 1874, Breslau, Silesia, Ger. died April 13, 1945, New York, N.Y., U.S. German philosopher and educator. He taught at the University of Berlin (1905–19) and the University of Hamburg (1919–33) before the rise of Nazism forced him to… …   Universalium

  • Cassirer, Ernst — ► (1874 1945) Filósofo alemán de la escuela neokantiana. Estudió las formas de expresión del espíritu en el lenguaje, el mito, la religión y la ciencia. Destaca su obra Kant, vida y doctrina (1918). * * * (28 jul. 1874, Breslau, Silesia,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cassirer, Ernst — (1874–1945) German neo Kantian, who resigned as Rector of Hamburg in 1933, and subsequently taught at various universities in England and the United States. His main ambition was to develop Kant s work into a general theory of culture. This… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Cassirer, Ernst — (1874 1945)    Philosoher of Polish origin. Born in Breslau, he studied under Hermann Cohen at the University of Marburg. In 1903 he began teaching at the University of Berlin. He published studies of Leibniz, as well as a four volume treatment… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

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  • Ernst Cassirer — Foto von Cassirer Ernst Cassirer (* 28. Juli 1874 in Breslau; † …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ernst (Name) — Ernst ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Träger des Vornamens // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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